Complications of Uncontrolled Type 2 Diabetics: Tips To Control
March 1, 2023
Diabetes mellitus is a group of diseases affecting how your body uses blood sugar or glucose. Glucose is an important energy source for the cells that make up your muscles and tissues and is the main source of your brain’s fuel. Although the primary cause of diabetes varies by type, regardless of the type of diabetes, it might lead to excess sugar in the blood. High blood sugar leads to serious health problems.
Regardless of the type of diabetes you have, it is essential to keep it in your target range. It helps prevent or delay long-term, serious health problems, including heart disease, kidney disease and vision loss.
Complications of Uncontrolled Blood Sugar
The long-term complications of diabetes develop gradually. If you have uncontrolled diabetes for a long-time, you develop a higher risk of complications.
Often prediabetes (a condition when you have higher blood sugar levels than normal but not high enough to call it diabetes) can lead to type 2 diabetes. Possible complications include the following:
- Cardiovascular Diseases
People with uncontrolled diabetes are twice as at risk of developing heart problems and strokes. Damaging of blood vessels often causes foot problems and other complications. Besides, they are one and a half times more likely to experience a stroke.
- Nerve Damage
Approximately 70% of people with diabetes experience nerve damage. Peripheral diabetic neuropathy and autonomic neuropathy are common nerve issues resulting from uncontrolled diabetes complications.
- Kidney Diseases
Diabetic nephropathy or kidney disease caused by uncontrolled diabetes over a long period. It makes it harder to clear extra fluid and waste from your body.
- Eye Problems and Vision Loss
People with diabetes experience diabetic retinopathy, affecting their eyesight. Detection of the problem at an early stage prevents vision loss.
- Foot Problems and Amputations
Diabetic foot problems are serious and often lead to amputations if untreated. Nerve damage affects the feeling of your feet, and blood vessel damage affecting the circulation makes it slower to heal sores and cuts.
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Tips for Controlling Blood Sugar Levels
Enlisted are some of the effective ways of controlling your blood sugar level.
- Monitor your blood glucose levels
You can always self-check sugar levels using a glucometer. Keeping track of the levels helps determine if you need to adjust your meals or medications.
- Eating healthy
Eating a balanced diet is essential. Include fresh vegetables and fruits. These are rich in fibre, helping you manage your blood sugar levels. Fibre-rich food helps weight loss and lowers the risk of diabetes.
You must get about 30 minutes of moderate aerobic activity regularly every day. You can take a brisk walk daily or engage in smaller workout sessions.
- Quit smoking
Smoking prevents blood flow in your heart and feet. If you quit smoking, you will reduce your risk of developing type 2 diabetes complications.
Talk to your healthcare provider
People with diabetes must undergo a series of tests and checks every three months to monitor blood sugar level. This helps to maintain the health and in case if needed patients can check and take medication as per the requirement of the blood sugar level.
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